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1 Big Reason To Sell Vodafone Group plc!

My Foolish colleague Peter Stephens gave us his thoughts on why we should consider buying Vodafone (LSE: VOD) this week. And he’s right; there are some very good reasons for buying the shares. But to present the other side of the coin, I can also see one very good reason for steering clear.

And that’s the totally opaque crystal ball I feel I’m staring into when I try to unravel Vodafone’s strategy for the coming years. In fact, I’m finding it hard to see anything more than an “If you build it they will come” hope.

Vodafone is busy building its next generation communications network, certainly. In the year ended March 2015, the company reported capital expenditure of £9.2bn, up 46% on the previous year, with 4G coverage in Europe now apparently covering 70% of Vodafone’s potential customer base. But there’s a big red flag for me when I see that “Europe” word .

Increasing focus on Europe

While chief executive Vittorio Colao told us he sees “stabilisation in many of our European markets“, the eurozone is still in a shocking economic state, with recent short-term improvements doing little for its long-term health — the zone’s loosening monetary policy is causing a lot of chafing in Germany, while at the same time being inadequate for the economies of Greece, Spain and the other struggling southern states.

Another aspect of Vodafone’s strategy that I find mind-boggling is its dividend policy. I suggested recently that Vodafone’s dividend income stream might actually be reliable, but what eclipses that for me is that, on the face of it, handing out such large chunks of cash right now seems like a nonsensical thing to be doing.

The thing is, although Vodafone’s forecast dividend yield stands at a massive 5.5% (after 2015’s dividend was raised 2% in line with that forecast), it would outstrip earnings per share two and a quarter fold. So Vodafone is paying out in dividends far more than it’s getting from earnings.

How much debt?

Now, that can be all fine and dandy if a company has piles of cash to cover periods of earnings shortfalls, and it’s a way of keeping income investors happy. But at the end of the recent year, at the same time Vodafone was shelling out even more dividend cash, it reported net debt of £22.3bn — twenty two point three billion! The company is borrowing money to hand out to shareholders.

Then we don’t really know what Vodafone’s acquisition strategy is going to look like. Sure, it’s been acquiring additional spectrum in Europe and might well be able to find some acquisition bargains, but we heard last month that the firm’s possible deal for exchanging some assets with Liberty Global is off. And it’s not that long ago that Vodafone sold off its share of Verizon Wireless.

On the upside, the fourth quarter of the year produced a return to growth (just) with organic service revenue up 0.1% (though Europe was down 2.4%), and there’s a 20% EPS growth predicted for the current year. But that would put the shares on a P/E of 34, nearly two and a half times the FTSE 100 average.

Don’t buy what you don’t understand

So for me, the lack of any real clarity on Vodafone’s joined-up global strategy (and whether it even has one), underscored by a valuation unquantifiable on current performance and by what seems like a bizarre dividend strategy, my conclusion is… where’s my bargepole?

I reckon there are plenty more transparent and reliable shares out there that could help you achieve millionaire status by the time you retire.

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Alan Oscroft has no position in any shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. We Fools don't all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors.