For most shares in the FTSE 100, 2013 was a good year and investors have likely enjoyed capital gains and rising dividend income.
That makes me nervous about investing for 2014 and beyond, and I’m going to work hard to adhere to the first tenet of money management: preserve capital.
To help me avoid losses whilst pursuing gains, I’m examining companies from three important angles:
Today, I’m looking at water utility operator Severn Trent (LSE: SVT).
With the shares at 1674p, Severn Trent’s market cap. is around £4,000 million.
This table summarises the firm’s recent financial record:
|Year to March||2009||2010||2011||2012||2013|
|Net cash from operations (£m)||645||654||721||654||659|
|Adjusted earnings per share||92.7p||122.8p||105.6p||88.9p||98.9p|
|Dividend per share||67.34p||72.32p||65.09p||70.1p||75.85p|
Severn Trent’s soon-to-retire Chief Executive reckons regulatory compliance in the water industry requires delivering more of what customers want and the environment needs, whilst keeping prices down.
The firm has been good at achieving real price reductions for its customers over the last five years by sharing the benefits of efficiency gains and outperformance. In terms of the dividend, Severn Trent investors have done well over the period too.
It takes ongoing capital investment to achieve an efficient operation with minimal environmental impact. In a glimpse of what lays ahead the firm recently released its business plan to regulator OFWAT for the period April 2015 – March 2020. As well as committing to keeping price rises below inflation the firm plans raise capital expenditure by 23% compared to the previous planning period, to £3.2 billion.
However, there’s a shift in focus taking place in the regulatory environment. Rather than creating incentives for debt-funded capital expenditure in isolation, the regulator now seems interested in
total expenditure, which includes revenue-funded operational expenditure. Severn Trent plans total expenditure of around £6 billion over the planning period.
With expenditure going up and charge-out prices going down, it’s clear that efficiency needs to be squeezed in the middle if investors are to continue to see decent returns on an investment in the company. With the firm targeting a retail margin of 0.7% and a margin of 3% from businesses, capital investment must work hard if it is to keep the accounts in the black.
Severn Trent reckons the regulatory landscape is complex and fluid and, according to the company’s own risk statement, one of the main risks to the business is the potential for the firm to mess up on compliance. Ofwat sets challenging operational targets, which if missed, could jeopardise future funding or result in regulatory penalties.
The capital-intensive nature of the business relies on the availability of debt funding. If anything happens to make funding more difficult to get hold of, or more expensive, it’s hard to see such a scenario working out well for Severn Trent’s investors and customers.
As with all utility companies the main attraction for investors is likely to be the dividend yield. Severn Trent’s forward yield for 2015 is running at about 5%. City analysts expect adjusted earnings to cover that dividend just over once.
You can buy into that income stream for a forward P/E multiple of about 19 at today’s share price. Given forward earnings growth expectations of 5%, I think that valuation looks full.
There’s no doubt that Severn Trent’s business, with its captive customer base, is a reliable cash generator capable of producing a steady stream of dividends. However, such ‘defensives’ have been in high demand recently and I think the valuation has become stretched.
> Kevin does not own shares in Severn Trent.