Step 10: Protect Your Wealth

Once you’ve got your finances in order, you need to ensure they stay that way. Life can throw any number of unexpected oddities at you, and the value of financial security in the event that a “what-if” actually happens cannot be overstated.

Protect your income

What happens if I’m hurt or ill and cannot work? To protect yourself and your family against financial hardships brought about by accident, sickness, and unemployment, you’re best to invest in income protection insurance, also known as Accident, Sickness, and Unemployment (ASU) cover.

As with all financial products, with ASU cover, you’re urged to shop around carefully! Buy it from your mortgage lender and you could pay a lot more than you would from an independent provider. Also don’t forget that on many policies you can’t start to claim until you have been without a salary for at least three months (although it does get backdated).

Protect your mortgage

If you’ve got a mortgage, you know the warning: your home is at risk of repossession if you are unable to make your mortgage payments (or those on any loan secured against your home). The best way to protect your home and mortgage just in case the unexpected happens is with Mortgage Payment Protection Insurance (MPPI), best bought from a stand-alone lender as opposed to your mortgage broker.

Protect your savings

Thanks to inflation, not all saved money is safe money. Let’s say inflation is running at roughly 2% a year, which means every year, the same things cost 2% more. This means money put in a savings account with 2% interest would actually only be keeping up to the rate of inflation – in effect, not growing.

In fact, if you’re a basic-rate taxpayer (paying 20% savings tax), you need to earn 2.5% a year just to keep pace with inflation. Higher-rate taxpayers would need to earn 3.3% a year. To beat inflation, you need to ensure your savings are in an environment with a growth rate strong enough to make a difference over not just over a year, but over the course of five, ten, or twenty years. The best place we can think of? The stock market, of course!

If you do have savings, it’s worth knowing about the Financial Services Compensation Scheme. In short, this scheme means the government provides protection for any money you have in a savings account up to £85,000 per person (changing to £75,000 in January 2016) in every authorised bank or building society.

Protect your family

We’ve looked at everything else that can go wrong, now let’s turn our tragic gaze to the big one: death, and what happens to the people you leave behind.

Your ability to earn money is your most valuable possession. If there are people in your life who depend on you financially, you cannot afford not to have some form of life insurance. Here’s how it works, in brief: you pay your life insurance broker a monthly premium, and if you die during the life of your policy, your broker gives your dependents an agreed sum of money.

When you buy life insurance, you’ll need to consider both the length and the size of the policy. Though the amount of cover you need will vary according to your dependents, at bare minimum you need cover enough to pay off your mortgage and other debts and replace at least some of your income. Realistically, cover of ten times your gross income (your salary before deductions) should leave your dependents debt-free and with a decent standard of living. In terms of policy length, it makes sense to cover yourself until your normal retirement age, usually 60 or 65.

An alternative to life insurance is Family Income Benefit (FIB). If you want to provide your partner or dependants with an income if you die before collecting your pension, FIB is a far cheaper alternative to life insurance. Whereas life insurance gives your family a lump sum, FIB pays them a tax-free income for a defined period. Buying FIB instead of a lump-sum policy could halve your monthly premiums.

A final note on wealth protection

Hopping back aboard the Grim Thought Express, even the best insurance policies won’t protect your family from all kinds of hardship if you haven’t left your affairs in order.

If you have possessions, family, insurance, or even just a parting comment, you should absolutely write a will and keep it current. It’s usually worth employing a solicitor to make sure your will is drawn up properly, as a badly worded will can often cause more problems than having no will at all.

Onward!

And that’s it for The Ten Steps To Financial Freedom. Although we have covered a wide range of personal finance subjects in this guide, The Motley Fool specialises in tapping into the stock market as a way of growing your wealth. We like to buy shares in well run companies and hold them for the long term.

To carry on your Foolish adventure take a look at our investing guides, our investment newsletters or ask questions on our discussion boards.

Good luck!