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Determining whether to use a credit card or cash when travelling internationally can be difficult. There are a variety of aspects to consider, such as security, convenience and the potential for fees to make one method more costly than another.
As is often the case, personal circumstances and individual preferences could dictate the best option. However, I believe that having both cash and a credit card available when abroad could prove to be the most logical move for most consumers.
Keeping an eye on security
For many people, the idea of taking large amounts of cash on holiday is undesirable. It poses a security risk, since travel insurance often only covers cash losses up to a specific amount. Losing a wallet or purse, for example, could be very costly.
In contrast, a credit card provides far greater security than cash. If lost, it can easily be cancelled, and a new card promptly issued. A credit card also provides protection in case goods or services are faulty or not as advertised, if the amount spent is over £100.
Of course, credit cards are not without their security limitations. For example, it is a good idea to always keep a credit card within sight in order to prevent it from being cloned.
What are the costs?
Using a bog-standard credit card internationally can be costly due to a non-sterling transaction fee. This fee can be as much as 3% and is applied by the card issuer for any transaction that is not in sterling. Similarly, withdrawing cash from a cash machine outside the UK can be relatively costly. Not only is interest charged on cash withdrawals, but there could also be withdrawal fees.
Although obtaining travel money before a trip may appear to be cost-effective due to the lack of commission costs, the rates offered to consumers may be lower than the actual rate of currency exchange that the company obtains. This is to provide a ‘spread’ for the currency exchange company, and allows it to make a profit without charging commission.
As such, the ideal solution in terms of costs could be to have a credit card that does not charge transaction fees when used internationally. There are a growing number of such cards, with many of them not having annual fees. Therefore, it may be worth having such a card, possibly as a second credit card that is exclusively used for international transactions.
Some credit cards may also offer a more competitive exchange rate than is available when obtaining cash before travelling. For example, the Halifax Clarity Credit Card uses the Mastercard rate of exchange and does not add any spread or charges to it at the time of writing.
Taking a balanced approach
Of course, having some cash to hand when travelling internationally can be a good idea. As in the UK, some stores may not accept credit cards. Therefore, having a modest amount of cash could help an individual to pay for goods and services in some circumstances.
For the majority of spending when abroad, though, having a credit card that does not have foreign usage transaction fees could be the most logical option. Not only does it provide greater security and convenience, it may also be possible to obtain a competitive rate of exchange when compared with cash.
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